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CALLA Content and Language Learning Strategies

Metacognitive Strategies
Task-Based Strategies: Use What You Know
Task-Based Strategies: Use Your Senses
Task-Based Strategies: Use Your Organizational Skills
Task-Based Strategies: Use a Variety of Resources

METAGOGNITIVE STRATEGIES

STRATEGY DESCRIPTION
Plan / Organize planner
Planner
Before beginning a task:
  • Set goals.
  • Plan the task or content sequence.
  • Plan how to accomplish the task (choose strategies).
  • Preview a text.
Monitor / Identify Problems check
Check
While working on a task:
  • Check your progress on the task.
  • Check your comprehension as you use the language. Do you understand? If not, what is the problem?
  • Check your production as you use the language. Are you making sense? If not, what is the problem?
Evaluate didit
I did it!
After completing a task:
  • Assess how well you have accomplished the learning task.
  • Assess how well you have used learning strategies.
  • Decide how effective the strategies were.
  • Identify changes you will make the next time you have a similar task to do.
Manage your Own Learning pace
Pace yourself
Determine how you learn best.
  • Arrange conditions that help you learn.
  • Seek opportunities for practice.
  • Focus your attention on the task.

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TASK-BASED STRATEGIES

usehe USE WHAT YOU KNOW useshe
Use Background Knowledge Iknow
I know

Think about and use what you already know to help you do the task.

Make associations between new information and your prior knowledge.

Use new information to clarify or modify your prior knowledge.

Make Inferences clues
Use Clues

Use context and what you know to figure out meaning.

Read and listen between the lines.

Go beyond the text to understand its meaning.

Make Predictions crystal
Crystal Ball

Anticipate information to come.

Make logical guesses about what will happen in a written or oral text.

Make an estimate (math).

Make a hypothesis (science).

Personalize personalize
Personalize
Relate new concepts to your own life, to your experiences, knowledge, beliefs and feelings.
Transfer / Use Cognates transfer
Coffee/Café

Apply your linguistic knowledge of other languages (including your native language) to the target language.

Recognize cognates.

Substitute / Paraphrase work
Make it Work
Use a synonym or descriptive phrase for unknown words or expressions.

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TASK-BASED STRATEGIES

senses1  USE YOUR SENSES  senses2
Use Images seeit
See it in your mind

Use or create an actual or mental image to understand and/or represent information.

Use or draw a picture or diagram.

Use Sounds soundout
Sound out

Say or read aloud a word, sentence, or paragraph to help your understanding.

Sound out/vocalize.

Use your "mental tape recorder" to remember sounds, words, phrases, and/or conversations.

Use your Kinesthetic Sense kinesthetic

Act out a role, for example, in Readers’ Theater, or imagine yourself in different roles in the target language.

Use real objects to help you remember words, sentences, or content information.

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TASK-BASED STRATEGIES

organizational1  USE YOUR ORGANIZATIONAL SKILLS  organizational2
Find / Apply Patterns abacus
Abacus

Apply a rule.

Make a rule.

Recognize and apply letter/sound, grammar, discourse, or register rules.

Identify patterns in literature (genre).

Identify patterns in math, science, and social studies.

Classify / Sequence lifecycle
Life Cycle

Categorize words or ideas according to attributes.

Classify living things; identify natural cycles.

Identify order and sequences in math, science, and social studies.

Sequence events in history.

Take Notes pda
PDA

Write down important words and ideas while listening or reading.

List ideas or words to include in speaking or writing..

Use Graphic Organizers venn
A Venn Diagram
Use or create visual representations (such as Venn diagrams, time lines, webs, and charts) of important relationships between concepts.
Summarize mainidea
Main Idea
Create a mental, oral, or written summary of information.
Use Selective Attention focus
Focus
Focus on specific information, structures, key words, phrases, or ideas.

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TASK-BASED STRATEGIES

variety1  USE A VARIETY OF RESOURCES  variety2
Access Information Sources lookitup
Look it up!

Use the dictionary, the internet, and other reference materials.

Seek out and use sources of information.

Follow a model

Ask questions

Cooperate together
Together
Work with others to complete tasks, build confidence, and give and receive feedback.
Talk Yourself Through it (Self Talk) candoit
I can do it!
Use your inner resources. Reduce your anxiety by reminding yourself of your progress, the resources you have available, and your goals.

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